Who was Akbar the great
Akbar was the third Mughal emperor. His full name was Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar. He was born on 15 October 1542 in Umarkot. He became the emperor of India at the age of about 14 and at that time; his guardian was Bahram Khan. He was one of the greatest emperors in the history of India and the greatest emperor of the medieval era.
Akbar’s grandfather Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur established the Mughal Empire in 1526 by defeating Ibrahim Lodi, the last sultan of the Lodi dynasty, after which the Mughals ruled India for the next 300 years; Aurangzeb was the last powerful Mughal emperor since then the Mughal Empire was very weak.
Why Akbar was called Akbar the great
Akbar is called great because he ran his empire based on secularism, stopped collecting Jizya tax from non-Muslims, banned child marriage, established unity among people of different religions and cast, and created family relations with Rajputs.
Apart from this, Akbar had formed a mighty army. He ruled Modern Day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. One of his great habits was returning winning land to the defeated emperor after winning any war. Due to all these reasons, the people of that time called him Akbar the great.
How Akbar became king
In the year 1555, Akbar’s father, Humayun, defeated Sher Shah Suri and captured the throne of Delhi, but after that, he died suddenly. In those difficult circumstances, Bahram khan took care of Akbar, who later became Akbar’s guardian. Bahram Khan declared Akbar the emperor on 25 October 1605 at the age of 13 and later helped him expand the Mughal empire.
How Akbar expanded and consolidated his empire
To expand and consolidate Mughal Empire, Akbar took the first step to build a strong military to dominate anyone easily. In early Battles, Bahram khan played an important to expand Mughal Sultan.
Akbar inherited a tiny part of India, but he was a very clever man; he made treaties with the Rajputs, subjugated them, and expanded the empire.
What did Akbar build
Akber was fond of building monuments. Therefore, he made a tomb in the memory of his father, Humayun, located in Delhi. He had got his tomb built before his death which is now in the city of Agra. Apart from this, he also built Buland Darwaza, Jodhabai Palace, and Fatehpur Sikri. However, Fatehpur Sikri is situated in Agra, and it was his dream city.
How many battles did Akbar fought
Akbar had fought four important battles out of which his first Battle was with Hemu in 1556. Akbar won the Battle of Thanesar in 1567; in 1575, he won the Battle of Tukaroi. In 1576 he won the Battle of Haldighati from Maharana Pratap. Although Maharana Pratap gave a tough competition to Akbar, in the Battle of Haldighati, Akbar’s army was led by Raja Man Singh.
How did Akbar marry Jodha
Akbar was married to Jodha Bai in 1562 at the age of 20, and it was a political alliance. However, in some TV dramas, this story is presented as a love story, even though they had never met each other before. Akbar had persuaded Jodha’s father, Raja Bharmal, to marry Jodha, who was the ruler of Amber. After the marriage of Jodha and Akbar, their political relations also became very good.
When Jodha gave birth to Akbar’s son Jahangir, Jodha received the title of Mariam-uz-Zamani, apart from this Jodha was also given the titles of Mallika e Hindustan and Mallika-E-Muezzama.
How many wives Akbar had
It is said that there were more than 5000 queens in Akbar’s palace, but the names of his six wives are recorded in the history books. His wives’ names are Mariam-uz-Zamani, also known as Jodha Bai, Salima Sultan Begum, Gauhar-un-Nissa Begum, Qasima Banu Begum, Bibi Daulat Shad, and Bhakkari Begum.
Are Akbar Birbal stories real
No, there is no doubt that Birbal was an intelligent person. Still, the stories often told of them are not real. However, Akbar himself was illiterate, but he was very fond of getting new information, so he always liked the company of educated people.
How did Akbar die
There is no concrete evidence of how Akbar died, but it is said that Akbar died in 1605 due to a disease called dysentery. His last rites were performed by his son Jahangir at Fatehpur Sikri.