Rabindranath Tagore | History, Biography, Achievements
Rabindranath Tagore childhood name was Ravindra Nath Thakur, And his family used to call him Rabi. His father’s name was Devendra Nath Tagore and his mother’s name was Sharda Devi. Tagore had 12 siblings
Ravindra Nath Tagore lost his mother at a very young age and his father also used to stay away from him in connection with work.
Rabindranath was a very talented and talented person, he had a special interest in Bengali culture, due to which he was famous all over Bengal. He loved literature very much, he had entered the world of music and literature from an early age.
At the age of 11, he had seen the whole of India with his father, after which he read many books written by famous authors such as Kalidas and then wrote a poem of his own. (Bhagat Singh)
He studied law in Britain. His college name was University College London. He was very fond of reading this, that’s why he studied many books written by Shakespeare, He studied law but he came to India in the year 1880 without taking a degree. And he came and wrote many such poems which depicted Bengali and European culture.
In 1882, he wrote a poem called Nirjharer Swapnabhanga, which people liked very much. (Mansi), a collection of his poems was released in the year 1890. In the year 1899, he wrote a book named Galpaguchchha.
After this, he wrote more poems from the year 1901 to 1906 in Shanti Niketan. And for this reason, he had become famous in Bengal day by day.
His dominance in English countries was increased after writing Poem named Geetanjali. Ravindra Nath was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1913
In 1915, the Crown of Britain gave him a knighthood but later, he boycotted it because of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Between the years 1916 and 1917, he lived in Japan and America.
From 1920 to 1930 he traveled to many countries of the world including many countries of America, Europe, Asia.
Although he had also pressurized imperialism but at the same time, he supported the British administration.
Many movements were organized by Mahatma Gandhi such as the Quit India Movement and one of them was Swadeshi Movement which was criticized by Ravindra Nath Tagore
But from this, it cannot be said that he was in collusion with the British because in the year 1919 he had turned down the award which was given to him by the British Crown and he did so because of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Contributions of Rabindranath Tagore
People all over the world know Rabindranath Tagore as a poet, but perhaps you also do not know that apart from this, he was also a lyricist, playwright, essayist, writer novelist, and painter.
Child marriage was also mentioned in many places in the poems, stories, and songs written by him. He tried to influence the attitude of the people through his poems.
India has always been a male-dominated country, so he also wrote for women in his books, which also reduced the insensitivity of people towards women.
Nature had a great influence on Rabindranath as he was associated with nature since childhood.
Despite being close to nature, he was not far away from the harshness of life. He saw the society around him like different customs conservatism
The collection of Gitanjali poetry is considered to be the smallest collection that was written in Bengali.
Rabindranath Tagore wrote more than two thousand songs which were called Rabindra Sangeet and not only this he also wrote the national anthem of India “Jana Gana Mana” and the national anthem of Bangladesh “Amar Sonar Bangla”.
Galpaguchhaka was a collection of 80 stories based on the lives of the common people of Bengal. This collection talks about poverty, illiteracy, and marriage.
Personal Life of Rabindranath Tagore
Ravindra Nath Tagore’s wife’s name was Malini Devi, whom he married in 1883 but she died in 1902. Rabindranath had 5 children out of which two had died, the first child was named Renuka who died in 1903 and the second name was Samendranath who died in 1907.
Awards and Achievements
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1913 on 14 November for the good works done by him.
He was given a knighthood by the British Crown in 1915 but he returned that title after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
In the year 1940, Oxford University gave him the degree of Doctorate of Literature.
Death of Rabindranath Tagore
Due to increasing age, he was very weak due to which he died on August 7 in the year 1941 at the age of 80.
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