HistoryJawaharlal Nehru biography, History, Quotes, UPSC

Jawaharlal Nehru biography, History, Quotes, UPSC

Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru short biography

Children’s Day is celebrated in memory of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India because Nehru loved children very much, and therefore children used to call Nehru as Uncle Nehru.

If we read deeply about Nehru, we can learn many good things from his life. Because he was a great freedom fighter, Pandit Nehru supported Mahatma Gandhi for the independence of India. Nehru’s love for India was clearly visible, Mahatma Gandhi considered him his disciple, so he also liked Nehru very much. Nehru is considered to be one of the creators of modern India.


Jawaharlal Nehru summary

Full name Jawaharlal Nehru
Nickname Pandit Nehru or Chacha Nehru
DOB 14 November 1889
Birthplace Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Mother name Swarup rani nehru
Father name Motilal Nehru
Religion Hindu
Daughter Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi
Death  27 May 1964, In New Delhi

Jawaharlal Nehru was elected the first Prime Minister of Independent India. And his father was also a famous barrister and philanthropist. Jawaharlal was the only son of a prosperous family and also had three sisters.

Nehru’s caste was Brahmin. And he was educated in renowned schools and colleges in India and abroad. Nehru received his elementary education from Harrow School and a law degree from Trinity College London. Besides, he was a master of law science from the University of Cambridge.

He lived in England for seven years and received information about Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism.

Nehru loved the rose flower, therefore he always kept the rose flower in his sherwani. He loved children very much, so children used to call him as ‘Chacha Nehru’.

Children’s Day is celebrated on 14 November due to his love for children. Nehru wrote a book called ‘Discovery of India’.

India’s first woman Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Nehru. She considered her father to be a teacher, she had learned about Indian politics from her father.

Indira had seen the struggle for freedom since childhood. Therefore she also had a lot of love for India in her heart. And in modern times, we all know that Indira Gandhi was elected the first woman Prime Minister of Independent India. Indira Gandhi was the main contributor in the promotion and strengthening of India, hence she was called as “Iron Lady“.


Political life

In the year 1912, Nehru returned to India from abroad and served as a barrister in the Allahabad High Court.

In 1916, Nehru married a young woman named Kamala.

From the year 1917, he was associated with the Home Rule League.

Jawaharlal Nehru came into contact with Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 and was greatly influenced by Gandhi’s ideas, Nehru gained knowledge about Indian politics under the leadership of Gandhi, and that was the first time when took the first step into Indian politics.

In the year 1919, Mahatma Gandhi took up the front against the Rowlatt Act and Nehru was also greatly influenced by Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement. Nehru followed Gandhiji along with his family, Nehru’s father i.e. Motilal Nehru had renounced his wealth and assumed a Khadi environment.

Nehru also participated in the ‘Non-Cooperation-Movement’ organized by Gandhi from the year 1920 to 1922. And Nehru went to jail at the same time.

Jawaharlal Nehru served Allahabad as president of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation from 1924 to 1926.

From 1926 to 1928, Nehru became the General Secretary of the “All-India-Congress” and Gandhi saw in Nehru as the image of a great leader.

In 1928 or 1929, an annual session of the Congress was held under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. And in that session two groups were formed, in the first group, Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose fully supported the demand for India’s independence and the second group had Motilal Nehru and many other leaders who demanded a state dominated by the government.

And those days Gandhi did not support anyone in the battle of these two groups. Gandhi had said that Britain should be given two years so that the British government would give statehood to India otherwise the Indian Congress would give birth to a national fight.

But the British government did not give any proper answer. In response to this, in December 1929, under the chairmanship of Nehru, the annual session of the Congress was held in Lahore city of Pakistan, in which all the leaders unanimously passed a resolution demanding ‘Purna Swaraj‘.

Nehru waved the flag of independent India on 26 January 1930 in Lahore, modern-day Pakistan.

Since 1930, Gandhi had called for the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement, which was so successful that the British government was forced to take important decisions.

In 1935, when the resolution of the India Act was passed by the British Government, then at that time Congress decided to contest elections. Jawaharlal supported the party only by staying away from the elections. The Congress formed a government in every state and won the most places.

From the year 1936 to 1937, Nehru was appointed the President of the Congress.

In August 1942, the Quit India Movement was started under the leadership of Gandhi and at the same time, Nehru was arrested, after which Nehru was released from jail in 1945.

At the time of independence of India and modern-day Pakistan in 1947, Nehru played an important role in the dialogue with the government.


How Jawaharlal Nehru became prime minister

When India became independent in the year 1947, those time elections were held by Congress to claim the Prime Minister, in which Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and, Acharya Kripalani got the most votes. But on the insistence of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the first Prime Minister of India. Jawaharlal Nehru became Prime Minister of India thrice after becoming Prime Minister.

The independence of the council was properly formed and laid the foundation of a strong nation and did all its work with full vigor. Jawaharlal also made a very important contribution to make India economically strong and at the same time, he built a strong foundation for modern India.

Jawaharlal created the ‘Non-Aligned’ movement for peace and organization. Even after such hard work, he could not make good relations with Pakistan and China.


Jawaharlal nehru bharat ratna

In 1955, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was awarded India’s highest honor ‘Bharat Ratna’.


How Jawaharlal Nehru died

On 27 May 1964, Jawaharlal Nehru died of a heart attack. His death caused a deep shock to the whole of India.

Pandit Nehru was always engaged in improving relations with neighboring countries such as China and Pakistan. Because he believed that we should love our neighbor as ourselves, but still in 1962 China attacked India, which caused great shock to Nehru. At that time, India also never had good relations with Pakistan due to the Kashmir issue.

He is always remembered as one of the great leaders and freedom fighters of India. Many schemes, roads have been built in his memory such as Jawaharlal Nehru School, Jawaharlal Nehru Technology University, Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, and Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital.

First President of India; Rajendra Prasad

First vice President of India; Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 

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Jawaharlal Nehru essay


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