What is conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis is also called “pink eye” and it’s a kind of infection or inflammation of the outer membrane of the eyeball of a person suffering from this disease.
In conjunctiva disease, the blood vessels pull on the thin membrane of your eye causing inflammation. And that’s the reason, your eye looks red or pink and is often associated with conjunctivitis.
Types of conjunctivitis
- Viral conjunctivitis
- Bacterial conjunctivitis
- Bacterial conjunctivitis
- Non-infectious conjunctivitis
- Gonococcal and chlamydial conjunctivitis
- Allergic conjunctivitis Giant papillary conjunctivitis
Now because this bacteria or viral conjunctivitis is contagious, therefore you must pay attention to the symptoms, although, once the source develops, the condition can be passed on to others for about 2 weeks.
If you experience this, then talk to your healthcare provider about treatment.
- Pink or red eyes
- Feeling Gritty in eyes
- Watery or thick discharge may build up on your eyes at night
- Feeling itchiness in eyes
- Abnormal amount of tears
The most common causes of pink eye are:
Viruses or bacteria
The majority of the tome Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by the same bacteria which cause strep throat and staph infections.
Conjunctivitis which occurs because of the virus is usually the result of one of the viruses that cause the common cold.
Viral and bacterial pink eye is considered quite contagious. Because It can easily be transmitted from the effaced person to a normal person just simply by hand contact.
Allergens, for example, pollen, can cause pink eye in one or sometimes both eyes.
Allergies force your body to produce too many histamines, which causes the inflammation
Most of the time, Allergic conjunctivitis is itchy.
You must be careful, if a foreign substance or chemical splashes in your eyes such as chlorine, which is found in the backyard and swimming pools, can cause conjunctivitis.
Rinsing eyes with water is a very simple and effective method to keep your eyes clean
How is pink eye diagnosed?
Diagnosing pink eyes is not a big deal for your doctor. The doctor will ask you just a few simple questions about your eyes! Like if you have itchy eyes or you have some other disease like common cold, fever, or asthma
If the doctor does not know clearly about your disease even after asking you the question, then he can take a sample of your tear or fluid and send it to a laboratory for analysis.
Prevention of Conjunctivitis
- You should not use towels or tissues on your eyes.
- You should not cover your nose or mouth after coughing or sneezing, nor should you touch or rub your eyes frequently.
- Do not give your contact lens to anyone to use.
- Wash your hands frequently
- You should keep the items around you clean with an antiseptic cleaner.
- If you have any type of seasonal allergy, treat it
- You should take a bath with a contact lens as it can cause bacteria in your eyes.
Its treatment depends on that, what kind of conjunctivitis you have. Let’s take an example, you have because of a chemical substance, so in that case, your disease will cure itself in a few days, but if it’s caused by bacteria, viruses, or any kind of allergies, then it might take a treatment.
The doctor may give you antibiotics for bacterial infection because it will easily stop the symptoms in a few days.
However, there is no specific treatment available for viral infection yet, because this infection cures itself within about seven to ten days. But for this, you need to keep compressing your eyes with warm water.
If you have conjunctivitis due to allergies, the doctor may prescribe antihistamines to treat inflammation in your eyes.
Such as loratadine, diphenhydramine, or Benadryl because these are antihistamines that are available at chemist stores. Apart from this, doctors can also give you antihistamine eye drops or anti-inflammatory drops.