Bhagat Singh biography
Whenever it comes to the freedom fighters of India or the independence of India, the picture of Bhagat Singh starts appearing in the mind of the people because at the age of 23, he gave his life for India,
At that time, he used to be a youth icon because seeing or hearing him, the youth used to get excited and motivated.
Bhagat Singh had witnessed the atrocities of the British on Indians since childhood, so he wanted to do something for the country since childhood, martyr Bhagat Singh believed that he could transform the Indian youth, due to which he had tried to show a new direction to the Indian youth.
His life went through so much struggle that people still consider him as their hero and take inspiration from him to do something for their country.
|Father||Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu|
Early Life of Bhagat Singh
He was born in a Sikh family and his father Kishan Singh was in jail at that time. Bhagat Singh had shown love and loyalty towards India to his family members since childhood, his uncle’s name was Ajit Singh and he was also a well-known freedom fighter, and he founded the Indian Patriotic Association in association with Syed Hyder Raza.
There were 22 cases against Bhagat Singh’s uncle, so he had gone to Iran, Bhagat had enrolled in Anglo Vedic High School.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919 took Bhagat Singh’s sleepless nights and he was very angry and sad, he supported the non-cooperation movement run by Mahatma Gandhi and openly defied the British.
According to Mahatma Gandhi, he used to burn British books. When Mahatma Gandhi’s Chauri Chaura movement was at its peak, then at that time there was a violent activity due to which Gandhi decided to stop the movement, After that Bhagat Singh was not happy at all and therefore he gave up Gandhi’s non-violent policy and Adopted a violent policy and joined another party
When Bhagat Singh was in Lahore National College at that time, he met Sukhdev Thapar, Bhagwati Charan, and some others people and after that, he left his college for the independence of India.
Bhagat Singh’s family had asked Bhagat Singh to marry but he refused and said that I cannot marry before independence otherwise my bride will die.
He was a very good actor, he used to participate in plays even during college days and his plays were also patriotic and associated with the independence of India and in those plays he used to degrade the British.
He was rewarded in many essay writing competitions in college because he was very fond of writing and he was a very cool man.
War of Independence
Bhagat Singh was the youngest member to join Bharat Sabha. When the people of his house called him to Lahore, he refused to go because he thought that his family would get him married but his family assured him that they would not get him married, after hearing this Bhagat Singh returned to Lahore.
In Lahore, Bhagat Singh started working for Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine “Kirti”. His aim was that through this magazine, he would send his message to the youth of India, he used to write papers in Punjabi and Urdu language, Bhagat Singh was appointed as Secretary of the Bharatiya Sabha in 1926.
In the year 1928, Bhagat Singh joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, and it was a fundamental party that was founded by Chandrashekhar Azad.
All the members of this party opposed the Simon Commission on October 30, 1928, and that protest also included Lala Lajpat Rai. In this protest, people shouted slogans of “Simon Go Back”, and for this reason, people were also beaten by police, after this Lala Lajpat Rai was badly injured and died.
Bhagat’s heart was greatly hurt by the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, due to which he had decided to take revenge on the British officer named Scott, he had planned to kill him but Instead of killing that officer, Bhagat had mistakenly killed an Assistant Police Saunders.
After killing that policeman, Bhagat had escaped from Lahore but the British government ordered police to catch him.
Bhagat Singh had his hair and beard cut for his protection while it was against his religion. But at the time Bhagat was ready to go through everything for the independence of India.
Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Rajdev, and Sukhdev held a meeting and decided to do a big blast. Because Bhagat believed that the Britishers had become deaf and could not hear us and a big bang is needed to make them hear us.
And this time he had decided that he would not run away due to fear of Britishers, but would hand himself over to the police so that a good message would reach the citizens of India.
In December 1929, Bhagat Singh, along with Batukeshwar Dutt, blasted a bomb in the assembly hall of the British government, and it was just an explosion and nobody was killed and that bomb was also thrown in an empty space because his motive was not to kill anyone.
After this, Bhagat shout the slogans of “Inquilab Zindabad” and distributed leaflets to everyone. And then Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt had themselves handed over to the police.
Bhagat Singh death Reason
Bhagat Singh already knew that he would be martyred. Bhagat Singh, Shivram Rajguru, and Sukhdev were prosecuted by the British, and in the case, they were sentenced to death, despite hearing about the death sentence, all three raised slogans of Inquilab Zindabad.
Bhagat Singh faced a lot of problems even while in jail because Indian prisoners were not treated well at that time, Indian prisoners didn’t use to get good food or clothes.
He was a prisoner in prison but still started a reform movement, and was hungry and thirsty for many days to fulfill his demand.
The British police beat and tortured him many times because they wanted Bhagat to give up, but he never gave up.
In the year 1930, a book titled Why I Am Atheist was written by Bhagat Singh.
On March 23 of 1931, Bhagat Singh was hanged along with Rajguru, and Sukhdev. And it’s believed that the date of the hanging of these three was 24 March, but at that time there were demonstrations all over India for the release of those three,
And for this reason, the British government was under pressure, and they didn’t want to change the decision, and therefore all three of them were hanged and cremated at midnight of 23 and 24 March.